GATS Benchmarks - exchanges of non-papers

Original Publication Date: 
30 June, 2005

From James Howard, Director, Employment and International Labour Standards, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)

The EU presented 'a non-paper... at an informal meeting in Geneva on 24 June, making the case in the GATS discussions for a 'Common Baseline' (hitherto called 'benchmarks') for offers in services from GATS members. Brazil quickly prepared its own non-paper in response to the EU non-paper, and it is also attached.

'The EU non-paper argues that there is a crisis in the GATS negotiations which has created a need for drastic measures such as proposed in their document. Other WTO members, such as the representatives of Brazil, Malaysia, South Africa, and India who took part in the trade union/NGO meetings on GATS in Geneva over 28-30 June, would refute such an interpretation, arguing instead that the GATS negotiations are continuing at a steady pace and cannot be expected to go any faster.

'Trade unions have already stated their opposition to the principle of 'benchmarks' as intrinsically different from the principle of a 'bottom-up' approach on which GATS is based, and which should enable each WTO member full flexibility in deciding what level of liberalisation to offer in which areas, or whether to offer any sectors for GATS liberalisation at all. For easy reference, the Global Unions statement for the Hong Kong WTO meeting states that, ' The current efforts by some WTO members to establish 'benchmarks', stipulating minimum levels of GATS liberalisation, undermines the principle of a 'positive list' approach to GATS (by which countries are free to indicate which sectors they want to include for GATS commitments) and should be ruled illegitimate in further GATS negotiations.''

download both nonpapers